This course educates students on identifying different types of oil spills, and the measures that can be taken to prevent and minimize damage.Buy Now
Part one will introduce the topic, and describe the properties, behaviour, and fate of oil spills. It will delve into the devasting impacts that spills can have on the surrounding environment, and talk both about prevention, as well as damage control. You will learn about the OPRC Convention and the purpose behind it, and be able to identify strategies needed for the containment and recovery of oil, and predict impact according to the type of oil spilt.
Part two will focus on the technicalities involved within oil spills, and the equipment needed to prevent, and minimise the impact of an oil spill. Here you will learn about the type of equipment that is needed, and the characteristics of different containment booms. These characteristics include the functionality of a boom, and this will then guide the boom selection criteria. Apart from booms, skimmers will be discussed, covering both the advantages and the disadvantages of each type. Finally, this part will outline deployment, recovery, and configuaration of containment booms.
Part three will bring the course to an end by talking about how recovered oil is transported and stored, and the typical problems and risks associated with this movement. You will learn about the differet dispersants, and their function and application, and the materials that can be used to absorb oils. The latter will not only focus on manufactored products, but also how you can make use of natural vegatation and locally available materials in order to combat spills. There will be emphasis on not only damage prevention, but the importance of cleaning up any damage that occurs, be it at sea, or on land, or to any creatures that were unfortunately affected. You will learn how to draw up an operational plan, and organize your own cleanups that follow the health and safety aspects required.
This bundle will provide you with a solid understanding on the basics of Marine Oil Spills. At the end of this course you will be able to:
This course is aimed at all those who would like to learn more about oil spills, and gain an overview of the main sources of oil released into the marine environment, their relative importance, and their principle causes
Adrien Bonnici is an independent consultant on maritime education and training, oil pollution prevention & response and quality auditing. For some years Adrien was the Chairman and Commercial Director of OSRA International Ltd and AOST Group, companies with diverse interests in the oil and gas industry in the Mediterranean region. He was instrumental in the development of the AOST Academy and OSRA – the Spill Response network in Greece, Italy, Malta, Gibraltar, Libya and Tunisia.
Key Experiences: Adrien has always held senior management positions. His main tasks were always related to business and training development. He is also an operational and hands-on person with more than 30 years’ experience in the maritime oil & gas industry and shipping.
Module one will give a general overview of the main sources of oil that are released into the marine environment, and the impact that this can have on the surrounding area. It will describe the different oil spills that can occur, and how these can be identified according to their composition. You will learn about the cause and effect of an oil spill, and be able to identify the strategies needed for containment and recovery of spilt oil. Moreover, the OPRC Convention will be discussed, and its function in providing assistance and logistical support.
Module Two: Oil Spill Properties, Behaviour and Fate
Module two focuses on the classification of different oils, and the way in which an oil can be identified according to its colour. It discusses the relationship between an oil’s key properties, and the rate in which it spreads, enabling better predictions on the rate of impact. You will learn about the process of weathering and its effects on oil properties, as well as evaporation prediction rates according to weather conditions and different oil properties. Finally, this module will introduce the emulsification process.
Module Three: Environmental Sensitivity and Impact
Module three talks about environmental sensitivity and the effects that oil may have on the surrounding area. It explains the Net Environmental Benefit Analysis, and emphasises on the importance of collaboration with environmental entities. Another aspect covered is that of sensitivity mapping, where this acts as a guide for the type of action that needs to be taken.
Module Four: Oil Containment Booms
Module Four focuses on introducing containment booms, and describing their main characteristics. It explains how to distinguish between the various types of containment booms in order to choose the optimal boom type suitable for the current environment. During the lesson you will learn about the purpose behind using an oil containment boom, and the basic designs of various booms including the curtain boom, french boom, and beach sealing boom.
Module Five: Boom Selection
Module Five provides essential knowledge in making a qualified selection of a boom to be used in a specific environment, and focus on the protection of the surrounding environment in the case of an oil spill. You will learn about oil containment in open waters, as well as the deflection of oil within rivers or shoreline areas.
Module Six: Oil Skimmers
Module Six provides information on skimmers, and how these are used for the physical removal of oil. You will learn basic knowledge on skimmer construction and performance which is essential to handle and deploy the equipment successfully. Moreover, you will understand the factors that determine skimmer efficiency, and the advantages and disadvantages of the most common types of skimmers.
Module Seven: Deployment, Recovery & Configurations of Containment Booms
Module Seven delves into the procedures for boom deployment and recovery, and the composition of standard boom configurations. You will learn about the deployment and recovery of a containment boom from a vessel, and standard boom configurations in open waters. The module finishes off by discussing the basic principles in boom anchoring.
Module Nine: Use of Dispersants
Module Nine covers the chemical combatting of oil spills on water (i.e. the use of dispersants) and the relevant environmental concerns and health hazards. You will learn how to correctly describe when oil dispersants can be used technically, and the equipment required for their use. Moreover, the health and environmental risks of dispersants will be discussed, in order to use dispersants in the safe and correct manner.
Module Ten: Use of Absorbing Materials
Module Ten discusses the removal of oil from contaminated surfaces, and how to identify different typical absorbing materials. It talks about various types of sorbents, and how to utilize natural vegetation as well as other locally available materials in order to combat spills.
Module Eleven: Shoreline Clean-Up
Module Eleven talks about clean-ups, and the essentiality of selecting the correct clean up techniques. You will learn how to describe different types of shorelines and be able to plan and carry out the necessary clean up techniques appropriate for each type. You will gain knowledge on suitable clean-up techniques and be able to draw up an operational plan. Moreover, you will become aware of the health and safety aspects with regards to shoreline clean-up operations.